Parrano 2020 Fri, 16 Oct 2020 10:12:51 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Parrano 32 32 Gourmet Souvenirs from Italy Tue, 30 Jun 2020 08:31:21 +0000 When your trip to Italy is almost over, one more important task is left – souvenir shopping. Please, forget about fake Gucci and Armani pursues, belts, or t-shirts, as well as, those little Ferrari cars that were made somewhere in China. Italy is much more than famous labels, so here are some gourmet tips about what truly Italian stuff you should buy to bring home a little piece and taste of this wonderful country.

Sweets and Pastries

There is an endless list of amazing Italian sweet bites, and we are talking not just about tiramisu and Panna Cotta. One of the most delicious sweet is Torrone that originally came from the island of Sardinia. It is an Italian version of nougat made with honey and different nuts such as walnuts, almonds, or hazelnuts. It can be eaten alone or as a sweet bite with black coffee, dry red wine, or brandy. White nougats are made with sugar and they are cheaper, while the original nougats are made with pure and fresh honey.

The region of Rome is famous for its traditional and antique pastries. Pangiallo Romano made of a mix of almonds, walnuts, hazelnuts, and pine nuts, to which they add honey, raisins, and chocolate. Very similar but spicier version is called Panpepato. However, the truly old Romans pastries are Mostaccioli. They are made of pistachio, almonds, and chocolate and were served as the main desserts during weddings in the Empire of Rome.


If you want something more traditional and easier to transport, then choose a bag of Italian home-made pasta as a souvenir. All the main kinds of pasta from fusilli, paccheri, spaghetti, pennette to conchiglie, pici, orecchiette, and many more can be found in different sizes of packs and the price will be very good. It is recommended to choose some local brands, so there will not be the same pack of pasta in a supermarket of your hometown. Also, you can choose traditional pasta made from flours and eggs or grab some more interesting options such as pasta made from corn or kamut flours, as well as, wheat-based to the whole-grain. It is all up to you!


Truffles and Porcini

The mushrooms of truffles are the label of the regions of Umbria and Lazio. Usually, there are black and white truffles that come in different qualities, and some are very expensive.  Here you can find these mushrooms prepared in different ways, so choose the one that would be the best fit in your luggage. The rage of prices is huge, so you can find the cheaper ones or super expensive options. Another well-known kind of Italian mushrooms is porcini and you can buy the perfect dried ones to take home as a gift. These mushrooms are perfect for pasta or risotto that would make you feel like you are back in Italy again. If you buy a few bottles of Italian wines and add a few packages of these mushrooms, that would be things easy to carry in your luggage, and original souvenirs that represent the real Italy.

Visiting The Town That The Chronicles of Narnia is Based on – Narni in Umbria Wed, 11 Sep 2019 10:32:00 +0000 Narni is a historical town that is located on top of a hill, which overlooks the Nera Valley. The town is situated between central Italy’s Lazio and Umbria regions. It is on the trade route called Flaminia Road, which was used by Romans in ancient times. The trade route extends from Rome to the Adriatic’s seaports. Narni is a quiet town that you will find pleasing to explore as you admire the numerous monuments around the town. Nearby to Narni is a town that is newer and with more people, but visitors are less interested in that town.

Narni History Summary

The location of Narni is at the Flaminia Road. It was a significant wealthy town during the Roman times as well as the following centuries. But when the Middle Ages arrived, the town was a victim to invasions by barbarians. The Longobards occupied the town for a few years until they decided to pass it to the Countess of Canossa’s family. That family were the town’s owners in the proceeding centuries. The frequency of barbarian invasions caused significant consequences to the town’s artistic heritage. The Spanish troops under Charles V were the reason the artistic heritage of the now was mostly destroyed during the sixteenth century. Many works of art have been lost due to all the destruction. The commercial activities and mining in Narni helped cause the town to become relevant again from the seventeenth to the eighteenth century.

Narni’s Numerous Attractions

There are many places to explore and enjoy in Narni. You’ll be able to go to a few churches as well as a cathedral if you go in between the ancient houses and through the medieval streets. You should start your journey in Narni by visiting Piazza Garibaldi, which has a water cistern that you can check out. After that, you should go down the old Via Flaminia, which passes right by the “Bishop’s front door”. Soon enough, you’ll get to the Piazza Cavour. There you will be able to admire the Narni Cathedral, which still looks like what it did back in the thirteenth century.

You will get to see how the cathedral was transformed back in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries by the Lombardi Masters. There is a monument dedicated to Saint Cassius and Saint Juvenal that you can still see to the right at the fourth aisle. The monument was rebuilt in the middle of the seventeenth century to look the way it does today. When you keep going down the Via Flaminia, you’ll end up at the Piazza dei Priori, which was the centre of the old town of Narni back in medieval times.

If you continue exploring Narni, you might end up going down the Via Mazzini. If you go down the Via Mazzini, you’ll get the chance to visit two palaces from the seventeenth century. The castles you’ll get to visit are the Moscas Palace and the Bocciarellis Palace. If you have the time, make sure you check out the Church of Santa Maria Pensole, which has been around since ancient times. When you’re done exploring all the places, you’ll be pleased to know that there are many restaurants and inns to visit.

The History and Mystery of The Underground Tunnels of Orvieto Mon, 15 Jul 2019 10:14:33 +0000 Perched on the rocky hills of Umbria, Italy is the small city of Orvieto. The city is known for its cosmopolitan atmosphere, the magnificent Cathedral of Orvieto, and the world-class Orvieto Classico wine. In the early centuries of the middle ages, the city even held the honor of being the pope’s residence as evidenced by the  Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo and the military history of the Albornoz fortress. More than the sprawling culture and history of the surface, this small town also has a lot to offer beneath the surface in its series of underground caves called the Orvieto Underground.

The Discovery of the Orvieto Underground

The Orvieto Underground was discovered in the 1970s by a group of speleologists, scientists that study caves. The discovery was brought about by a landslide which caused huge chunks of the Orvieto City’s Rupe to break down near the famous Duomo, the Orvieto Cathedral. The incident concerned the citizens and many other people around the world that worried about the preservation of the cultural legacy of the city.

The Discovery of the Orvieto Underground
The Discovery of the Orvieto Underground

However, the landslide also revealed gaps and contoured windows along the flanks of the Rupe. The group of speleologists took the opportunity to explore these caves and debunked the myth that there was nothing to be found beneath the city of Orvieto. The Orvieto Underground was a series of caves akin to a labyrinth composed of 1,200 grottos, reservoirs, wells, and tunnels.

Historical Significance of the Caves

More than two millennia ago, when the city of Orvieto was still the land of the Etruscans, and the present town was just beginning to form its foundations, the citizens atop the cliff tunneled under their homes into the soft tunnels underneath in search for wells of water. It served the purpose of a place for keeping their pigeons, and rooms or areas conducive for temperature-controlled storage. The walls filled with pockets of holes made for storage can still be seen in the underground today. During the latter part of the medieval period, the small city of Orvieto began to grow rich and prosperous, and the citizens started to find another purpose for the network of caves underneath the city. Many of the caverns in the underground were repurposed to serve as production workshops for the city’s ceramics while some of the materials that they used such as soft stone for making cement were mined in some of the quarries. Other citizens made use of the big caves to produce the region’s prized olive oil.

Historical Significance of the Caves
Historical Significance of the Caves

During World War II, some parts of the Orvieto Underground served as a refuge for the citizens of the city during bombings. Orvieto was declared an Open City at some point in the war which spared it the fate of other towns during air raids. However, the city was very close to the railways, so there was still a lot of conflict in the area between the Germans and members of the Allied forces. At present, many of the citizens still use the underground caves that are located beneath their homes. Although to maintain the stability of the city’s structure, further tunneling into the underground caves has been prohibited.

Norcia for the Ultimate Umbrian Experience Mon, 20 May 2019 10:15:30 +0000 Umbria is one of the best-kept secrets of Italy. It displays captivating villages and towns, beautiful sceneries, culture in tons, cultural events, fantastic food, and a lot more. It is also ignored by mainstream tourism, and so you cannot find the usual influx of tourist crowds, here. On the other hand, you can enjoy an atmosphere that reeks of the ancient culture here, among paths, castles, beautiful palaces, and charming villages.


Perugia in Umbria is the provincial capital of Italy. This is a large city featuring modernized outskirts but is built on a cliff in Umbria. It is also a medieval historical center that is intact and where medieval charm is maintained even now.  In case you are passionate about art forms, you must visit the imposing and magnificent buildings like the Palazzo dei Priori in Perugia. It houses Galleria Nazionale dell’ Umbria, a superb Umbrian medieval gallery of Renaissance art.

The other top sights that are a must-to-visit include:

  • Piazza IV Novembre, located in Perugia’s great city center and Maggiore Fountain, which was carved by Giovanni and Nicola Pisano.
  • The San Domenico Basilica features valuable works and statues done by local artists.
  • San Lorenzo Cathedral and the Pulpit are places where the saint preached.


Umbria Jazz is the key Italian music event here and takes place in the mid of July, featuring artists namely, Quincy Jones, David Byrne, and Gilberto Gil. You can enjoy walking along Castelluccio di Norcia that is built on a hill in a small village. Adventurous tourists can consider alternatives such as horseback riding, trekking, canoeing, rafting, and mountain biking. Tourists can go alpine skiing to the Forca Canapine mountain area perched at 1542 meters. It houses the best free flight school in Europe.  At the start of summer, between June and July, tourists get to admire the natural spectacle, the fioritura that attracts tourists by the hundreds.You can start your tour of the area by visiting the thirteenth century Town Hall, Staircase, Loggia, and Bell Tower. Visit the Castellina – The fortified residence of the governors that was built by ‘Pope Julius III’ to gain more control over the entire town. This has been restored after many continuous earthquakes and is now where the City government offices sit.

The Santa Maria Argantea Cathedral features a Renaissance style of construction. It consists of large chapels and stone arcs with interiors featuring various artworks. It also presents St. Francis’s monumental complex and today it is Norcia’s Auditorium Sea, historical archive and public library. Also, visit Marcite in Norcia that has irrigation systems created by the Benedictine monks.

Cuisine in Norcia

In Norcia, you may taste common and genuine Italian foods. Right from black truffles to delicious dishes, there is something for every tastebud. Foods that contain barley, goat cheese, saffron, mushrooms, Castelluccio lentils, and porcini are liberal here too. If you up for an adventure to fill your bellies, you can find berries in the woods. Different sausages are available at every norcino-butcher, who are masters in pork specialties. Seafood lovers can try the Nera river trout and crayfish. It will be considered a sin to miss the Benedictine monks’ beer when you visit.

Cuisine in Norcia

Top Places to Put on Your Umbria Itinerary Sun, 03 Mar 2019 12:27:35 +0000 Italy’s own Umbria is a wholesome hub of historical and natural countryside beauty. The luxurious villas are the most compelling attractions to most tourists. Situated in a central region, Umbria is easily accessible from most of the famous tourist regions, yet it is uncrowded even during peak tourist seasons. Owing to the rich culture and history of the area, this destination owns a wealth of beautiful monuments and is home to the Etruscan remains, a unique treasure that is not found anywhere else. When Renaissance fever took over Tuscany, the benefits were experienced in faraway lands. Umbria was pleasantly rewarded with beautiful Renaissance architecture along with umpteen other landscapes.

Spello – The Walled Town

Fans of architecture and historians find the walled town of Spello amusing. The walled town is mesmerizing with its medieval streets and contrasting age-old churches. Situated in the foothills of Mount Subasio, Spello livens up during the summertime when the flowers bloom to create a sea of vibrant florals which awaken even the most tired person on earth. A town gate by the name of Porta Venere in Spello, which is from the Augustan-era is still preserved very well and carries the legacy of the Romans who had colonized Spello a long time ago.

Orvieto Sitting atop a Volcanic Butte

Sitting on a volcanic butte that overlooks the most incredibly laid out Umbrian Southwest part of Umbria is the hilltop town of Orvieto. Orvieto houses a 14th-century Gothic extravaganza which magnificently displays its vibrant façade along with frescoes created by the Renaissance painter Luca Signorelli. Currently used as wine storage, tunnels situated below Orvieto are magical and from the Etruscan-era. These underground tunnels were used as bomb houses and a means of escape during World War II.

Castiglione Del Lago

The 13th-century fortress, Castello del Leone is situated in Castiglione del Lago which is comfortably housed on the shores of Lake Trasimeno. This is precisely the place where Umbria and Tuscany meet. The huge watchtowers of the fortress allow for amazing views of the beautiful lake and the nearby countryside. Trasimeno’s islands have always been the starting point for exploration. If parks interest you, then the biggest island Isola Polvese is a scientific and educational park. Come spring, hot air balloons and kites make the skies colorful for the “Coloriamo I Cieli Festival”.

Gubbio- A Town in The Steep Slopes of Mount Ingino

The history and culture of Gubbio, the beautiful town created on the slopes of the mountain, is unique yet enchanting. The Palazzo dei Consoli of the 14th century is where you reach when you enter the town through the ruins of a Roman theatre. From here you are lead to the Piazza Grande which is breathtakingly beautiful and a treat to the eyes. While visiting, you might as well enjoy Gubbio’s culture and heritage by experiencing one of the oldest festivals in the region, La Festa dei Ceri.

Assisi – The Birthplace of Saint Francis

Saint Francis was a patron of the environment and animals; Assisi is where this greatness was born. It is a beautiful hilltop town situated a few miles East of Perugia, the capital of Umbria. A UNESCO world heritage site that Christians from around the world visit is the Basilica di San Francesco, which was built in the honor of Saint Francis.

The Holy Week Experience in Umbrian Towns Thu, 28 Feb 2019 13:13:41 +0000 Similar to a lot of Christians around the world, some communities in Umbria, Italy have their own unique ways and traditional activities when it comes to the religious celebration of the Holy Week. As the region in Italy known for its remnants of medieval history, structures and culture, experiencing the sacred week in Umbria could be an exciting experience.

Holy Week Celebration in Assisi

Known as the birthplace of one of Italy’s patron saints, St. Francis (1181 – 1226), the town of Assisi in Umbria seems to lead the region in its observance of the Holy Week as the center of activities beginning from Palm Sunday to Easter. Assisi is home to the Basilica of St. Francis, and along with its powerful spiritual atmosphere, sanctuary-museum, and medieval town atmosphere, it provides the perfect venue for tourists and pilgrims during the Holy Week.

Similar to a lot of Catholic celebrators of the Holy Week, the celebration in Assisi begins in Palm Sunday with the blessing of the olive branches in the town’s basilica and churches. The Cathedral of San Rufino takes center stage as the venue of the Mass of Christ where the holy oils are blessed. Other Holy Thursday activities the remembrance of the Last Supper and the adoration of Jesus in the tabernacle is still celebrated in most churches in the city.

Reliving the Passion of Jesus

One of the highlights of Holy Week activities in Assisi, as well as in many of the surrounding Umbrian towns, is the sacred Via Crucis. It is a Holy Week tradition where the life, martyrdom, and sacrifice of Jesus Christ is relived through live demonstrations. The tradition is celebrated in the towns of Gubbio, Fossato di Vico, Sigillo, Cascia, Todi, Gualdo Tadino, Montefalco, Perugia, Terni, and Norcia.

The town of Assisi, holds a traditional procession carrying the form of Christ right from the beautiful Cathedral de San Rufino, passing by some cloistered monasteries. The procession ends at the Basilica of San Francesco. After the arrival of the body in the Basilica, the “Three Hours of Agony” is celebrated from noon to 3 pm to commemorate the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. This procession dates from the medieval period where participants could easily imagine the streets lit up only by the light of candles and torches.

Easter Celebrations in Umbria

The celebration of Holy Week in Assisi ends with the celebration of Easter beginning with the Easter Sunday Vigil, where participants stay awake for most of the night in prayer and meditation. This leads to the highlight of the celebration with the Easter Mass, where the iconic paschal candle burns until the ceremony of Ascension day which commemorates Christ’s resurrection from the dead.

During Easter, Umbrians eat their traditional Easter breakfast composed of cold cuts like capocollo, boiled eggs, chocolate, and Easter cheesecake. Other Umbrian towns celebrate Easter with the world tradition of Easter egg hunting. Some other forms of games and activities are played in town squares such as egg races and egg hitting games. The winners receive the eggs of their opponents and are included in the menu for the family banquet later in the day.

The Gaite Market Festival – Medival Festival in Umbria Sat, 23 Feb 2019 09:09:41 +0000 One of the highlights of visiting Umbria during summer time is experiencing European medieval culture in the town of Bevagna. Each year, the town holds a ten-day medieval village and market experience for both locals and tourists. The town is located close to the town of Assisi in the central part of Perugia and along the flood plain of the Topino river.

Aside from the annual Gaite Market festivities, the town of Bevagna is also home to numerous historical landmarks such as several Romanesque churches, medieval walls, ruins of a Roman temple and theater, and some castles such as that of Cantalupo, Castelbuono, and Torre del Colle.

Historical Significance of the Gaite Market

The Gaite Market Festival draws its historical roots all the way to the medieval period. The name of the festival, Gaite, is a reference to when the town was previously divided into four districts named Gaita. The four districts of the Gaite were named after the ancient churches in Bevagna. They were San Giovanni, Sancta Maria Filiorum Comitis, San Pietro, and San Giorgi. In the 10-day festivities of the market, the town of Bevagna is reconstructed as an authentic medieval village. The whole town and its inhabitants dedicate this period to recreate the daily life of Italians during the 13th and 14th centuries.

Competitions and Craft Workshops

To build on the medieval flair and spirit of the Gaite Market Festival, the organizers arrange exclusive contests for its participants. The four sessions of the contest include competitions in the market, craftsmanship, gastronomy, and even archery. At the end of the Gaite Market Festival, the winners of the contests are awarded the Palio Della Vittoria.

The streets and squares of the town are populated with people wearing reproduced medieval attire. Many recreated medieval workshops, restaurants, and taverns open their doors to fellow locals, tourists, and spectators who are in Bevagna to enjoy the festival.

Gaite Market makes participants feel an authentic flashback to the olden times with the town’s many craftsmanship workshops. People can participate and work under masters in trades known during the period such as being painters, minters, blacksmiths, dyers, and stained-glass makers. Other artisan workshops are also offered, whose products can be seen sold in the market, such as candle making, silk yarn production, parchment making, herbal production, and pottery.

The Medieval Market

Visiting Bevagna in June is one of the ways to discover authentic medieval food. Aside from the locally produced wines, bread, and cheeses. The Gaite Market is also filled with other delicious cuisine and delicacies as the local recipes are very simple and made unique by the quality of the ingredients. You can satisfy your gastronomic desires by sampling hand-made pasta, bruschetta with olive oil, various meat dishes, and sauces, along with sweets like pastrelle and panicoli. Similar to the medieval inhabitants of Bevagna, you can buy local products and souvenirs in the reconstructed craft shops. The merchants sell herbs, candles, pottery, paintings, and other beautiful medieval period crafts and everyday necessities.

Living with Scorpions – The Scorpions of Tuscany Sun, 17 Feb 2019 11:04:11 +0000 The non-venomous scorpions found in Tuscany do sting but are only as harmful as a wasp or bee. Small, black and not more than 30mm in length, the scorpions of Tuscany, cause havoc only to people who are allergic to stings of insects. The best way to get rid of a scorpion found inside a building is to trap and release them in a faraway location.

Visiting Tuscany will be considered incomplete if you dare to leave without meeting with their invertebrae locals. Well, it’s not the ‘jump on the table when you meet these creatures’ kind of meeting, but a more unique way to connect with them because they aren’t harmful. The worst case would be that you would have to bear with a nasty sting resembling that of a bee. But it wouldn’t be as bad as needing to get yourself to a hospital for sure.

Scorpions, in general, are considered a nightmare only because of a handful of species out of 1400, being venomous. The wrong reputation comes from a poisonous bunch who are deadly. Though they do cause a reaction in a few unlucky ones, the rest are safe to touch even.

Finding a scorpion at your doorstep during the day is unlikely as they are nocturnal, but if you do want to get one in the house, you may dare to leave the door to your villa open overnight. The best way to ensure the scorpions do not venture into the privacy of your home is by keeping spiders and flies from infiltrating the premises. These insects are food to the scorpions, thereby inviting them to dine. This is precisely why you need to keep insects out by using a good pest control spray. Also, make sure to dust your clothes and bedding before you enter any house.

Knowing ways of treating scorpion stings will get you out of a lot of trouble in the rare situation that a scorpion does attack. Clean the area with soap and water, getting rid of dirt. Soothe the swelling by elevating the limb and applying a cold compress. If the pain is unbearable, you can even take some medicines for pain relief. If this does not do the trick, it is best to check in with a medical practitioner for medical help.

More About Scorpions

The species Euscorpius Alpha Caporiacco was earlier under the subspecies of E. Germanus. Different populations of the subspecies from Southern Switzerland, Southern Austria, and Northern Italy were analyzed which resulted in the knowledge of the presence of two separate forms. There was a significant genetic difference between the two ways enough to indicate the growth of the western type to a new and improved species called the E. alpha.

Separating the E. alpha and Germanus species by morphology alone is nearly impossible, however knowing the site of the collection will help tell you the species. The E. Germanus is found in the eastern side and E. alpha in the western. These two are never found overlapping in distribution. The ones found in the west are small, black and are less than 30mm in length. Located in the mountains and mostly under stones and logs, these scorpions love the high humidity conditions here. The A. alpha is primarily found in southern Switzerland and Italy. The ones found in Italy are reported to have less of venom and are harmless and also use their stingers very rarely.

Tuscan Honeymooners – Top Places to Plan A Honeymoon Fri, 15 Feb 2019 19:02:55 +0000 Talk about romance and honeymoon vacations and cross-reference that with the European continent, and it is definite that a lot of people would point out Paris as the ultimate destination. While it is true that the city of love really lives up to its name, there are several amazing contenders in Tuscany that you might want to consider first before booking your honeymoon. Here are some of them:

Villa San Michele

The city of Florence is home to numerous locations where couples can spend a romantic honeymoon. One of these is Villa San Michele, a reconstructed 15th-century Franciscan monastery. The villa is surrounded by the sights and aromas of Tuscan gardens. There is also an outdoor heated swimming pool with a cascading waterfall. Aside from the beautiful view of the villa’s gardens, the rooms are also elegantly directed. From the villa, you can explore Florence’s museums, boutiques, and fine dining restaurants.

Pienza City

If you and your special someone are fans of Renaissance history and culture, then you can consider the city of Pienza. The city is regarded as an “ideal city” that is built according to the aesthetic values of the Renaissance. Aside from its architectural appeal, the city is also beautifully situated geographically, in the south of Siena in the Val d’Orcia. In addition to the spectacular drive to the town, the panoramic view from its vantage of the surrounding areas of the Val d’Orcia is an absolute treat. The city was also the premier location of Zeffirelli’s film adaptation of Romeo and Juliet.

Il Pellicano

The luxury resort of Il Pellicano would be the best choice for couples who want to spend their honeymoon with a fantastic view of the sea. The resort offers top services for their guests who wish to maximum relaxation in their vacation. Some of these include top-of-the-line guest rooms, beautiful gardens, a European spa, and restaurants offering delicious cuisine. The hotel is located along the Porto Ercole and is a 90-mile drive from Rome. There are also many nearby attractions that you can visit while staying at the hotel such as the Maremma Nature Park, 17th-century Spanish forts, and Etruscan and Roman ruins.

Terrazza Mascagni

In the city of Livorno, if you are looking for a topping of romance in your holiday, choose the Terrazza Mascagni. It is a lovely square made up of black and white checker-board tiles overlooking the view of the sea and the vast sky. The terrace was named after Livornese composer Pietro Mascagni. The 8,700 square meter chessboard is separated from the sea with a balustrade made of 4,000 columns. The terrace’s site was once the Forte dei Cavalleggeri, a defensive structure that was dismantled during the nineteenth century. They also built a gazebo for orchestras and their musical performances.


A romantic getaway in the Tuscan countryside can be a fantastic experience while staying in the L’Andana. Indulge in the luxurious service, breathtaking scenery, and mouth-watering cuisine that the villa has to offer. Before being transformed into a charming countryside inn, the L’Andana was formerly the hunting lodge of Leopold II, Duke of Tuscany. Surrounding the property’s main buildings are olive groves and vineyards whose products are used in the inn’s restaurant. During your stay, you can do some sunbathing, golfing, and wine-tasting. The inn also offers baking and cooking classes.

The Sights and Significance of Italy’s Most Famous Waterfall – The Cascata Delle Marmore Tue, 12 Feb 2019 15:47:51 +0000 One of the most famous and awe-inspiring views of nature is the humanmade waterfall of Cascata Delle Marmore. Its existence is a testament to human architecture and engineering as the Romans constructed the falls in 271 B.C. The Cascate Delle Marmore is located 7.7 kilometers from Terni, the capital of the Umbria region of Italy. The waterfall is composed of three tiers, the tallest being 83 meters or 272 feet. In total, the falls have a height of 165 meters or 541 feet, making it the tallest manmade waterfall in the world. The river by the name Velino is the primary source of the waterfalls, and they cascade down into a valley and meets with the waters of the Nera river.

Creation by the Romans

During ancient times, the Velino river flowed around the city of Rieti. However, the river fed into marshes and wetlands with stagnant water. This area was said to have been the cause of sickness, probably malaria, that plagued the city. That is why in 271 B.C., the Romans wanted to construct a canal. The canal diverted the flow of the river into the cliffs of Marmore to meet with the Nera, thus creating the Cascata Delle Marmore. However, the abundant flow of the Velino caused floods in the nearby city. The situation was so problematic that it became an issue for the senate in 54 B.C. The senators found no workable solution and the flooding persisted until the late 19th century.

Modern Significance

Since the 15th century, various popes tried to address the problematic flooding of Terni by the waters of the Velino river to no avail. It was in 1896 that at the heights of the Industrial Revolution, when a sustainable answer to the problem presented itself. During this time, several steel mills thought of utilizing the flow of the water in the Trench to help with their operations. After this breakthrough, engineers have worked on the falls and the canal to use the abundant water from the river into hydroelectric energy. This is used to fuel the Galleto power plant which was constructed in 1929. This resulted in a significant reduction in the flow of the falls, also with Piediluco lake.

Viewing the Waterfalls

The existence of the nearby power plant did not stop tourists from having time to admire the falls for an entrance fee. The power plant schedules an hour or two when tourists could see the Cascate Delle Marmore in full power. They run from 12 noon to 1 pm and 4:00 pm to 5:00 pm every day. During the holidays they have more viewing schedules.

Before the gates are opened, the plant sounds an alarm. Afterward, the little stream that is left of the Velino transforms into a full-fledged river. Guests can expect to get wet during this time that is why it is advised that they view the waterfalls from a safe distance in a nearby observatory. This vantage point also provides a spectacular sight of the valley.